The History Of Knives

Once upon a time (the way that all good stories should start), there was rock, made of flint – and that was the beginning of the knife with a cutting edge that we know today.

Knives are after all utilitarian – they are made for certain jobs, primarily cutting. Of course, knives have been used for a variety of other tasks such as the preparation of shelter and the making and production of clothing. Even transport has been influenced by knives (think of the sleds made from a hide that has been dragged by both human beings and animals).

In fact, the knife, along with the ability to make fire at will is probably at the very foundation of our evolution towards modern day society.

So where did it all begin? According to most anthropologists, the origin of the knife can be traced to Africa – the cradle of humankind. The rift valley of East Africa is where scientists have found evidence of tool making from the dawn of the modern era. It is here that tool making by Australopithecus, the ancestor of modern man has been discovered. The discoveries include the earliest evidence of tool use – including flint knives.

As man began to spread across the face of the earth and the science of ore refinement became more widespread a rapid evolution in the materials used for the production of knives took place. First bronze knives were the state of the art, however, they were soft, and corrosion was an ongoing problem. As centuries passed, iron and then steel became the materials of choice for the production of knives. These materials were far superior to their bronze counterparts. They were stronger and kept a better edge. Soon, an iron knife was a symbol of prestige and allowed empires such as the Greek and Roman to expand to encompass the known world through force of superior military arms.

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weapon of warThis domination of the known world was a direct result of superior metallurgy and research. From a utensil that was primarily used for eating, the knife now grew in both size and complexity. It had now become a weapon of war. Swords were used by the soldier class, but even the richer class were carrying duel use knives in Europe.

Nobles were now carrying knives made from steel which were used for both dining and protection. These sorts of knives were important status symbols due to the fact that it was extremely rare that a visitor would be provided with any eating utensils whatsoever – only the rich would be able to show their wealth through the ownership of a fine steel knife.

Modern day knives owe their multiple uses to France. It was during the period in the 1630’s when French Cardinal Richelieu was ascendance that modern table knives became popular. The Cardinal abhorred the style of using sharp knives to eat with and his influence led to the adoption of the blunt ‘table knife’. The popularity of the four-tined fork in the United States during the 1900’s also contributed to the adoption of the table knife.

The knives that we today use in table settings and for recreational use are the result of the invention of stainless steel in the early 20th century. It is this invention that has made modern day knives not only durable but also within the budgets of almost every single person on the face of the Earth.

In the years to come, we will no doubt be introduced to many more innovations that will revolutionize the humble knife. However, it will always stay true to purpose. It is, in essence, a cutting instrument that bears a striking resemblance to the flint instruments that our forefathers used on the plains of Africa – that much has not changed.

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Hiroshima Is Honored By The U.S. President’s Visit

Some meaningful and symbolic news are coming to Japan as the U.S. president visits Hiroshima to pay respects to the victim of the terrible nuclear bombing that occurred 71 years before. On Friday, May 27th, the president of the United States Barak Obama visited Memorial Park in Hiroshima as well as the notorious bomb site.

The nuclear attack on Hiroshima left more than 100 000 families without one of their relatives of a closer family member. Among Japanese citizens, there were also Korean casualties which count in thousands, and also American soldier that were prisoners of war at the time the bombs fell.

 This monstrous decision to end to war by dropping nuclear bombs on Hiroshima is something that the Japanese citizens will remember for a long time.

President Barack Obama is aware of the state of mourning the public is, so he prepared a respectful and motivating speech that lifted the crowd toward forgiveness and acceptance of the situation.
There is nothing we can change to undo the things that occurred more than 70 years ago. All we can do is to pay our respects to the lost lives and look in the eyes of human nature’s desire to destroy and make sure it doesn’t happen again. President Obama wants the only one from the presidential delegation to visit Hiroshima but is the first sitting president to visit Hiroshima. Among other members of the board, Susan Rice also accompanied American president to the site of the nuclear bombing.
Ever since the U.S. ended the war by sending two nuclear warheads to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the relations between these two countries are stirred as they are burdened by the events in recent history.

The U.S. President’s appearance wasn’t expected as the public confirms. The speech that uplifted the crowd at Memorial Park in Hiroshima leads to a direct contact of one member of the public and the U.S. president. The president and local Shiegaki Mori embraced each other in a form of a hug, exchanging few words of respect addressed to each other.

Other members of the public were not so thankful for the gesture of the U.S president. Some of the interviewed locals stated that they don’t want an apology.
There is a memorable inscription in the park that the president visited that quotes “we shall not repeat the evil”, as it took the attention of the U.S. President.

The white house states that this visit of President Obama doesn’t question or revise Truman’s decision that made history by ending the war. Whether this can be an official apology to the people of Japan the public press is still discussing.
President Barack Obama mentioned during his speech that there are no actual words to express the sorrow he or the American people feel regarding this devastating nuclear attack. He also added that all they can do is offer an apology and feel the remorse as a mutual feeling towards the origin of human nature- destruction.

U.S. President Visits Hiroshima

The U.S. President Barack Obama Visited Hiroshima on Friday, and became the first sitting president of the United States to visit Hiroshima. He stated that he called for the world without nuclear weapons after his appearance at the Peace Memorial Park.
71 years before on a sunny day without any clouds to appear in the sky, death fell from the sky obliterating life in its vicinity and changing the world as we know it. The fact that thousands of lives were eradicated that day in a cloud of fire and light flash proves that mankind is more than capable of destroying itself. Barack Obama stated this after his visit to the site where the first nuclear bomb fell.

The U.S. president’s visit was not expected to be apologetic in nature for the courses of World War II.
During his speech the U.S. president asked the public why do they include him as well in the question, coming to Hiroshima. He also responded in a satisfactory way, addressing with respect and mourning to the public’s families and loved ones who were lost during the World War II nuclear bombings.
The U.S. president directly interacted with the public at his speech, by hugging one of the survivors of the nuclear bombing. Shiegeaki Mori is the survivor of the atomic bombing who also created a memorial for the POWs killed at Hiroshima.
During his motivating speech, there was absolute silence in the Memorial Park during the ceremony. The only think that was obstructing this comfortable silence was the sound of helicopter and nearby ships.
The public was not expecting anyone to come and pay respect who is not Korean or Japanese, and certainly wasn’t expecting the U.S. president. But the Japanese people are honored and thankful that he did come to pay respects to the casualties of war.
The presidential delegation visiting the site included Susan Rice, the National Security Advisor, Caroline Kennedy, U.S. Ambassador for Japan, Ben Rhodes(advisor and speechwriter) and others.
More than 100 000 innocent Japanese citizens including women and children died during the bombing. Thousands of Koreans as well as some Americans that were being held as prisoners of war at the time.
This terrible crime against humanity did not happen than long ago. More than 70 years ago the nuclear bombing occurred and there are consequences still to this day.

Whether this is an attempt of strengthening the relations between Japan and U.S. it is an honorable and respectable thing to do, said one of the local citizens. While another citizen stated that they do not need apologies, so not all are accepting the gesture of the U.S. President Barack Obama. With the advanced technology that we have today, available for curing diseases, communicating over great distances, we should also be aware that this technology can be our doom if we don’t use it properly.

President Barack Obama stated that the words cannot express the mourning he feels towards the civilians that died in the bombing. He also added that it is our responsibility to look in the eyes of history to understand our nature better and make sure it doesn’t happen again. 

The US President Finally Visited Hiroshima

It finally has happened. The event that was coming in the previous month finally came through. Barak Obama, the US president, who will be soon leaving that position, came to Japan and went to see the town of Hiroshima, infamously known for the first victim of the atomic bomb.

All news had reported from this event because it was surely a significant historic moment and this moment will redefine foreign affairs of both countries.Barak Obama was the first US president to visit Hiroshima. He laid a wreath at the memorial complex dedicated to victims of the first nuclear attack in the world and called for the reduction of nuclear stockpiles and he also called for cleaning of the world from nuclear weapons. He said that Before 71 years, death came from heaven, and the world has changed after he laid a wreath and paid tribute to the victims of the attack that was carried out by the US in this city in western Japan in 1945. Obama said that the memory of August 6, 1945 must never fade and that the bombing showed that humanity possesses the means to destroy itself. He also claimed that the souls are telling us, and they are asking us to look into ourselves, adding that technological advances can be without a moral revolution to condemn to failure. Obama has called for a global reduction of nuclear weapons, pointing out that the world has a shared responsibility to wonder how to prevent recurrence of such calamities, according to. American President in the memorial complex signed the book of visitors, where he left a message: We learned about the horrors of war. Let us now, together, find the courage to spread peace and strive towards the world without nuclear weapons. Obama briefly talked to people who survived the bombing of Hiroshima.

As it was announced, the US president did not apologize for the decision of the US bombing of 1945. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said at the memorial complex that Obama’s visit to Hiroshima opened a new chapter of reconciliation for the United States and Japan, saying that he sincerely respects Obama’s courageous decision to visit Hiroshima. Abe said that the tragedy of what befell Hiroshima must never be repeated. Prime Minister of Japan said that he and Obama are committed to the realization of a world without nuclear weapons, no matter how difficult it may be. Tokyo and Washington are hoping that Obama’s symbolic gesture of laying a wreath at the site where the first atomic bomb in the world was released put emphasis on their alliance and breathe life into efforts aimed at the abolition of nuclear weapons.

To remind, in Hiroshima on 6 August 1945, at the end of the Second World War, the first atomic bomb was thrown, killing a total of about 140,000 people. In the explosion was killed tens of thousands of people, while others died from injuries sustained on that occasion, or from diseases caused by radiation in the coming weeks, months and years.

Obama’s Visit To Japan

Recently, Obama met with Japanese representatives in Hiroshima. He became the first American president to visit that area, and he did that so they could begin their cooperation. However, many will say that this cooperation isn’t coincidental. Some may say that Japan is already American outpost to China and Russia. This complicated relations can be connected with the incidents happened in 2013.

Japan operated with two territorial disputes with China and Russia. When it comes to China, Tokyo has purchased the islands, which the Japanese call Senkaku, while the Chinese Diaoyu was bought in September 2012 from a private owner. China and Japan around these islands lead decades-long conflict, which culminated when the state bought the Japanese islands, which the Chinese consider their own. The islands are uninhabited, but the water around them is rich with oil and gas. Chinese people strongly oppose the move to Japan, which then led to mass demonstrations in Beijing.

Then they reduced the trade cooperation between the two countries, while in China fought with protests that were erupted demanding the boycott of Japanese goods. That led to reducing the sales of Japanese cars in China. Japan, on the other hand, significantly reduced exports of goods to China. However, the consequences of these conflicts were not only economic. The two countries were virtually on the brink of military conflict. Analysts have long warned about the possibility of military conflict which would have incalculable consequences. Very often there was a close encounter ship Chinese and Japanese Navy. One of the most serious incidents occurred when a Chinese frigate allegedly involved radar homing missiles to the Japanese destroyer. Then Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe demanded an apology and recognition of Beijing that the Chinese frigate radar directed towards the Japanese destroyer in international waters. The request followed immediately after the Chinese Defense Ministry denied that the radar system was focused and locked on a Japanese destroyer, where the accused Tokyo to promote the fame of China threat. Also in 2013, near the disputed islands was erupted the incident in which they were involved warplanes of two naval aviation.

Japan has sent planes to the region to oversee type E – 767 and E – 2C so they could be able to monitor the movement of Chinese fighter aircraft. In the aforementioned incident were involved most modern Chinese hunters type J -10 and the Navy plane JH +7. Japan and they were there to meet Chinese hunters immediately with their cutting-edge fighter jets F- 15J US production and then followed the Chinese planes retreat.

They said that they have violated the airspace over the disputed islands, but they fly within what Tokyo title defense identification zone.

These things aren’t so available to the Medias. Although, some may say that this is just a conspiracy theory. But you may think about it. Why Americans always go to war, surely they don’t like that. Who normal likes war? But we should thank Obama because he tries to make a piece because let’s face it, Hiroshima situation changed the world and it’s important not to repeat.

President Barack Obama Will Pay His Visit To Hiroshima On May 27. 2016.

Some rather symbolic and meaningful news come from Japan these days. It is official now that the United States President Barack Obama will pay his visit to Hiroshima on May 27 2016. This visit will make him the first sitting president of USA to visit this city whose history carries tremendous warning for the whole world.
It’s been 71 years since President Truman ordered the atomic bombing of Hiroshima which made Japan the only country in the world attacked by the nuclear weapon. This devastating decision ended the World War II killing over 100 thousand people in one act.

Ever since, the relations between the United States and Japan carried the burden of history and this official visit is raising numerous questions. The White House has been hotly debating Obama’s plan and many politicians and historians are wondering if the visitation will be followed by the official apology to Japan.
On the other hand, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sees this meeting as the opportunity for two highly influential politicians to pay tribute to thousands of victims, call for the world without the nuclear weapon and finally – send significant message to the future generation.
According to the plan, Abe and Obama will visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park located at the very place where the bomb fell. The Park is the unique monument dedicated to all those who were killed or injured during the attack, so as to the memories of their survived loved ones and brief history reviews. A short inscription in the Park states memorable quote: “We shall not repeat the evil”.
The whole story has opened some old wounds and accented some questions. “We shall not repeat the evil”. What evil exactly are we talking about?
On one hand, there’s the White House stating that Obama’s visit does not mean revising of Truman’s historical decision, nor formal apology. It is mere attempt to appeal to the world nowadays, pay the tribute and improve relations between Japan and USA.

On the other hand, President Obama is known for his calls and appeals for the world without nuclear weapons which brought him to Nobel Peace Prize.

Peace activists worldwide accuse him of empty words, hypocrisy and actual support of nuclear weapons by investing one trillion dollars into modernization of the USA nuclear weapons stockpile.
It is true that various agreements and actions during last few decades lead to limited development, prevented using and surrended nuclear material in many countries, but there is also a growing nuclear threat from North Korea and Pakistan, for example.

All the officials in Japan, so as the Japanese public broadly welcome Obama’s announced visitation, even if it doesn’t really mean formal apology. Public opinion surveys suggest that insisting on formal apology comes mostly from some historians and tough nationalists.

Mr. Obama’s visit to Hiroshima is announced for May 27. Is it going to improve relations between Japan and United States, show that Hiroshima’s history has taught us something valuable or turn into just another political strategy, it is yet to be seen.

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